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Asamyukta Hasta or Single Hand Gesture

Asamyukta hastas are done using single hand. The Natyshastra mentions about 28 Mudras ie upto Trishula Mudra. There are four new mudra added to this list ie Kataka, Vyagraha, Ardhasuchi and Palli. These Hand Gestures are a Part of Angika Abhinaya. I shall be explaining each of these Mudras with reference to the shlokas of Abhinayadarpana.

Audio of the shlokam: [audio:asamyukta hasta.mp3]

If you would like to download this audio, right click here and save to computer

Following are the list of all the Single hand Gesture.

  1. Pataaka
  2. Tripataaka
  3. Ardhapataaka
  4. Kartarimukha
  5. Mayura
  6. Ardhachandra
  7. Araala
  8. Shukatunda
  9. Mushthi
  10. Shikhara
  11. Kapitta
  12. Katakaamukha
  13. Suchi
  14. Chandrakalaa
  15. Padmakosha
  16. Sarpashirsha
  17. Mrigashirsha
  18. Simhamukha
  19. Kangula
  20. Alapadma
  21. Chatura
  22. Bhramara
  23. Hamsaasye
  24. Hansapakshika
  25. Sandamsha
  26. Mukula
  27. Tamrachuda
  28. Trishula
  29. Ardhasuchi
  30. Vyaagraha
  31. Palli
  32. Katakaa



  1. shanggetha

    Im bharathanatyam dancer…..this website helps me to improve my knowledge….its juz amazing

  2. Vishwa Protim Banerjee

    Namaskaram maam, Actually I’m a bengali living in Bihar state and we do not have any bharatnatyam classes in our city. Thanks for your blog by the help of which I’m learning this wonderful danceform for last 1 year. I’ve learned upto Visharu adavu, now practicing tattimetti adavu. Also I’m trying to coreograph my performance on Mooshika Vahana. Kindly tell me how to show a mouse/rat using the mudras(I’ve seen others using Simhamukha)

  3. krithika

    This site is excellent source for dance aspirants.It has every detail of Bharathanatyam.Hats of you..I am at 30 and found very difficult to cope up with the third speed in adavus but i am confident now after visiting your website.Thanks a lot

  4. Namrata

    Nice wedsite…………
    But would like to suggest somthing. Please add the images of every mudra like samyukta and Asamyukta hasta so its helps more for those who joins dance classes and it was also help to define perfect gesture.
    Means when we select any mudra option it was also show the image.

  5. sree

    I should appreciate a fact that you are sharing all your knowledge.This shows your dedication to dance.Keep it up Anjali

  6. Vishwa Protim Banerjee

    Namaskaram Maa’m…..moved to Kolkata for my studies and also joined Bharatnatyam classes…thank you very much for this web blog. Would you please explain the “Palli” hand gesture? Also my guru has taught me another hasta….”Urnanaabham” to show a spider…pls explain about this..

  7. Mary

    Hi Anjali,
    Is there audio link for the viniyoga slokas.I am looking this for my daughter who is doing 2nd grade exam.

  8. Aleena Thomas

    Thank you very much for all that you have put on this website, it’s really helped me prepare for my exams.

  9. Prabakaran.T

    I like to bharatnatyam i a,m doing bharatnatyam so i think very nice program in online bharatnatyam thankyou

  10. shamita A M R

    hi anjali all the details wt ever u hv mentiond is informative thanx dear……..i want u to show the video of viniyoga shlokas of asamyukta and samyukta mudras in detail…….. thanx alot ……..

  11. Anjali

    @Mr Unnikrishnan, Palli is done in the following manner: hands in Mayura hastam and the middle finger is crossed over the Index finger. I shall soon add a picture for the same

  12. Keerthana

    I am 11 yrs old(grade 6) and i live in Canada…Am i too late to learn Bharathanatyam?.I really enjoy dancing….in my class im the oldest in grade 1(bharthanatyam level)…. how long does it take to learn bharthanatyam (estimate maybe) is there a certain age for it?

  13. Roseanna Looker

    Hey, thanks for the step by step with photo’s, its really helping particularly being completely new to this beautiful style of dance. Namste blessings xx

  14. T.Punitha

    My son wants to do project in Navagragha Hastas for his school.please help out the hastas in picture form.

  15. aditi

    maam pls teach the mudras with the picture yor website is the best I have a shock of dancing all types of dance you helped me a lot you start teaching katak too.

    thank you
    you are the best

  16. Bree

    I often find myself folding my index and thumb locked around one another with all of the other fingers crossed and i found out recently I was or had mercy poison….I felt there was a connection as to why my body was doing this as i knew nothing of using hands or fingers for healing, do you know what area I was healing I would like to know as I found it interesting

  17. S.Indumathy

    Everything is nice and understandable but i need the bhandha hastas . Please help me out

  18. swetha

    u are really awesome mam. u have helped me in many aya adavus and mudras and lot more . thank u vry much:)

  19. Brianna

    Thanks so much! In my dance class I had to do all 28 single handed gestures and I couldn’t remember all of them, but this site really helped me remember all the single handed gestures! Thank you!

  20. Aiswarya

    this is a good site for studying the theoretical aspects of bharatanatyam .I am a dance teacher .so this site helped me a lot for teaching my students.

  21. bhanu priyanka

    namaste anjali garu.i am very happy to visit this site.i had learned upto some of items and then i had a c-section & now it is 2.5 month after my c-section.can i start doing dance or do i have to take some rest and that for how many months.pls suggest me.

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