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Asamyukta Hasta or Single Hand Gesture

Asamyukta hastas are done using single hand. The Natyshastra mentions about 28 Mudras ie upto Trishula Mudra. There are four new mudra added to this list ie Kataka, Vyagraha, Ardhasuchi and Palli. These Hand Gestures are a Part of Angika Abhinaya. I shall be explaining each of these Mudras with reference to the shlokas of Abhinayadarpana.

Audio of the shlokam: [audio:asamyukta hasta.mp3]

If you would like to download this audio, right click here and save to computer

Following are the list of all the Single hand Gesture.

  1. Pataaka
  2. Tripataaka
  3. Ardhapataaka
  4. Kartarimukha
  5. Mayura
  6. Ardhachandra
  7. Araala
  8. Shukatunda
  9. Mushthi
  10. Shikhara
  11. Kapitta
  12. Katakaamukha
  13. Suchi
  14. Chandrakalaa
  15. Padmakosha
  16. Sarpashirsha
  17. Mrigashirsha
  18. Simhamukha
  19. Kangula
  20. Alapadma
  21. Chatura
  22. Bhramara
  23. Hamsaasye
  24. Hansapakshika
  25. Sandamsha
  26. Mukula
  27. Tamrachuda
  28. Trishula
  29. Ardhasuchi
  30. Vyaagraha
  31. Palli
  32. Katakaa



  1. Nalanda

    Thanks a lot for you to explain lots of things. I have learned Bharthanatyam privately for 10 years. I was searching for a good site to study more theorotical things.
    Yours is a very good site for that.
    I want to study the all the mudras. so please help me by explaining the rest of the mudras.

  2. radha

    I have gone through the hand gestures and wonder if u can also give the viniyoga slokas, only some gestures are seen with it. do u also have the same, sloka plus photo for the head, neck, eye and body postures?

  3. Femila

    This is a wonderful site. My daughter is 5 years old and she has started learning Bharatha natiyam recently. Whenever she practices her mudhras she keeps asking me the meaning of them and I was able to explain only a few of them as I remembered only a few from my memory(I had a few years of learning when I was quiet young). When I found your website, my daughter was more excited than I was… Thanks a lot for your effort….

  4. Anjali

    Hi Femila, it feels nice to know that this site is helping you. Your words will keep me motivated. May your daughter excel not only in dance but every where. Thanks again.

  5. shaily

    I am not clear why the other sites show the images of only 15 asamyukta hasta mudras whereas u r telling there are 32 mudras. I will appreciate more if alongwith the names of the mudras, u would show the images also.

  6. shaily

    my 8 yr. daughter is learning bharatnatyam and to prepare her for the clases i need the asamyukta mudra’s images. Could u pls mail me the images urgently.

  7. Julia

    Finding your site was a pleasant surprise. I’m passionate about bharatham but couldn’t complete my learning due to various reasons. Your site has helped me refresh what i learnt, keep posting more videos. Thank you so much.

  8. purva saketbhai dave

    hello, I am 8yrs old and i am in second yr of bharatnatiyam. my guru name is Shri Elakshiben thakore&Chandan Thakore.

  9. radhika

    hi anjali,
    i am a bharatnatyam student in fiji. i really like ur website and have learnt a lot from it . i just wanted to know after suchi comes chandrakala or ardhsuchi. In fiji first we do suchi then ardhsuchi and then chandrakala. please let me know

  10. Anjali

    Hello Radhika thank you. As per the Abhinayadarpanam shloka after suchi comes candrakala. And Ardhasuchi is not mentioned. There are some texts that are also used as reference which mentions Ardhasuchi.

  11. radhika

    hi anjali. thnx for the reply. could you give me some song suggestions for our bharatnatyam dance we are goin to perform for our opening prayer dance at our school.just about 3 minutes .thnx

  12. Anjali

    Hello Radhika, Mahaganapatim song from the movie called “Morning Raga” could be a good choice. Else doing a traditional Puspanajali and any kautukam could be fine.

  13. Ashwa

    Your website is great. I am looking for Purandara dasara song “Ada hodalli Adikombuvaramma”. Could you please let me know where I can find it.

  14. Dhanya Nair

    Hi Anjali,

    I had one doubt , i dont know how to do the “palli” single hand gesture, can you let me know how this palli i done?? will be really greatly..

    thank you so much,

  15. Brinda

    I learned 7 yrs bharatham privately, but last few yrs im not in touch with the dance .just now i searched for this website….. really im lucky .

  16. Sheetal

    Hello mam ! Thanks for all these details of bharatanatyam. But I want to see the Palli from Asamyukta Hasta or Single Hand Gesture. So, can you please tell me about that?

  17. divya

    nice explanations given but i have a doubt mam actually there are 2 to 3 katakamukhas if i am not wrong please clarify my doubt mam it would be helpful for me i am above to do my arangetram

  18. Divya

    Hello mam, its great to see such an wonderful site i am very happy to visit this site. I am mad about dancing and learning theories on bharathanatyam. i will also be very mush satisfied if you could clarify my doubts too…

  19. Praseeda

    Thanks heaps Anjali for maintaining such a wonderful post. This is really helpful for me and my daughter. Please keep it up. Now I am a regular visitor of your site. Once again Thanking you

  20. bhavanisimhan

    Hi Anjali….My daughter is 5 years old and has just joined bharatanatyam classes….we are in dubai right now….i do not have any knowledge of Bharatnatyam…but it has always been my dream and now ur website is definitely providing me a lot of confidence and knowledge so that i can help my daughter in her dance as well….Thanks a ton and keep continuing ur services…may god bless you…Warm regards,bhavani

  21. JHEEL

    I was searching information on Google for single hand gesture.after coming to this website i could easily find.

  22. kalyani

    hi, very thankful to yr website. i dont have any knowledge of dance. mydaughter 31/2 yrs started learning dance. she is asking me about mudras. that time i felt verybad to tell her that i dont know. yr website is very useful for me. we are staying in uganda. here is only one teacher for dance. now i note down about all mudras and explaining her. thanks alot

  23. Dipti

    hi Anjali,

    I have learned Bharthanatyam privately for 11 years.I have also done my Bharthanatyam Arangetram when i was in 9th. I got married when i was 18 and same year i got a baby girl..Now she is 6 years and i am 24…I had lot of dreams that i will open my own dance institute,,,,but because of c section delivery couldn’t dance n last few yrs i am not in touch with,,,,,,,,,,,,Still i remember many thing please help me ,,,,what Should i do …..i was thinking to join Nalanda university and for pratice i will go back to my guru…..but ????

  24. divya

    Hi Anjali,
    Ur website s good enough for younger generation to learn more about our dance “bharathanatyam”

  25. Ang

    There are 3 versions of katakamukha but they are not done along with the shlokam- I remember 2 of them- one is the one that has been posted and the other is kapita with the 3 fingers- middle, ring and pinkie, opened like in hamsasye- I cannot remember the 3rd- maybe somebody can share this information. Thank you!

  26. Anjali

    @Ang, last one, is when you have first three fingers the thumb, pointer and middle joint like in the picture and the last two fingers the ring and pinkie rolled in.

  27. Divya

    Hi Anjali,

    I have learnt Bharathanatyam for 13+ yrs…In b/n i was not in touch during my higher education ,marriage and stuff…Now i started teaching recently and ur site is really helpfull THANKS a lot for your efforts . Can you mail me where i can find the audio songs of keerthana and in particular i am looking for mahaganapathim pranamamya ham…

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