Asamyukta Hasta or Single Hand Gesture

January 3rd, 2008 by Anjali

Asamyukta hastas are done using single hand. The Natyshastra mentions about 28 Mudras ie upto Trishula Mudra. There are four new mudra added to this list ie Kataka, Vyagraha, Ardhasuchi and Palli. These Hand Gestures are a Part of Angika Abhinaya. I shall be explaining each of these Mudras with reference to the shlokas of Abhinayadarpana.

Audio of the shlokam:

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Following are the list of all the Single hand Gesture.

  1. Pataaka
  2. Tripataaka
  3. Ardhapataaka
  4. Kartarimukha
  5. Mayura
  6. Ardhachandra
  7. Araala
  8. Shukatunda
  9. Mushthi
  10. Shikhara
  11. Kapitta
  12. Katakaamukha
  13. Suchi
  14. Chandrakalaa
  15. Padmakosha
  16. Sarpashirsha
  17. Mrigashirsha
  18. Simhamukha
  19. Kangula
  20. Alapadma
  21. Chatura
  22. Bhramara
  23. Hamsaasye
  24. Hansapakshika
  25. Sandamsha
  26. Mukula
  27. Tamrachuda
  28. Trishula
  29. Ardhasuchi
  30. Vyaagraha
  31. Palli
  32. Katakaa


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Leave A Comment

113 responses so far ↓

  • 1 Arushi Jan 10, 2008 at 11:17 pm

    I was having a lot of trouble for preparing for my dance test but after visiting this site I am now confident!
    Thanks a lot:)

  • 2 Anjali Jan 11, 2008 at 9:06 pm

    Best of luck Arushi for your Exams. Thanks a lot for visiting. Do write as to what other information you would like to see on this site.

  • 3 Nalanda Feb 5, 2008 at 9:39 am

    Thanks a lot for you to explain lots of things. I have learned Bharthanatyam privately for 10 years. I was searching for a good site to study more theorotical things.
    Yours is a very good site for that.
    I want to study the all the mudras. so please help me by explaining the rest of the mudras.

  • 4 Anjali Feb 15, 2008 at 7:29 pm

    Yes Nalanda very soon i shall be posting the all Mudras. So stay tuned and thanks for visiting.

  • 5 radha May 27, 2008 at 5:25 pm

    I have gone through the hand gestures and wonder if u can also give the viniyoga slokas, only some gestures are seen with it. do u also have the same, sloka plus photo for the head, neck, eye and body postures?

  • 6 Anjali May 27, 2008 at 10:33 pm

    Yes I shall post the viniyogas for all the mudras. The other gestures and the leg postures will be done soon.

  • 7 aishwaria Jun 1, 2008 at 6:43 pm

    gr8 website i have been learning for 5 yrs and this is a good wesite

  • 8 Anjali Jun 1, 2008 at 9:45 pm

    Thanks Aishwaria for your kind words.

  • 9 Femila Jun 5, 2008 at 6:14 pm

    This is a wonderful site. My daughter is 5 years old and she has started learning Bharatha natiyam recently. Whenever she practices her mudhras she keeps asking me the meaning of them and I was able to explain only a few of them as I remembered only a few from my memory(I had a few years of learning when I was quiet young). When I found your website, my daughter was more excited than I was… Thanks a lot for your effort….

  • 10 Anjali Jun 5, 2008 at 7:52 pm

    Hi Femila, it feels nice to know that this site is helping you. Your words will keep me motivated. May your daughter excel not only in dance but every where. Thanks again.

  • 11 shaily Jun 13, 2008 at 2:15 pm

    I am not clear why the other sites show the images of only 15 asamyukta hasta mudras whereas u r telling there are 32 mudras. I will appreciate more if alongwith the names of the mudras, u would show the images also.

  • 12 shaily Jun 13, 2008 at 2:18 pm

    my 8 yr. daughter is learning bharatnatyam and to prepare her for the clases i need the asamyukta mudra’s images. Could u pls mail me the images urgently.

  • 13 smita Jun 19, 2008 at 10:17 pm

    i feel happy because i have to know many things about bharat natyam

  • 14 Julia Aug 25, 2008 at 7:48 pm

    Finding your site was a pleasant surprise. I’m passionate about bharatham but couldn’t complete my learning due to various reasons. Your site has helped me refresh what i learnt, keep posting more videos. Thank you so much.

  • 15 purva saketbhai dave Sep 16, 2008 at 5:29 am

    hello, I am 8yrs old and i am in second yr of bharatnatiyam. my guru name is Shri Elakshiben thakore&Chandan Thakore.

  • 16 Anjali Sep 16, 2008 at 6:23 am

    Hi Purva, really nice to know about your gurus. Convey my pranams to them. And wish you good luck for your lessons ahead.

  • 17 kaiva Sep 21, 2008 at 10:03 am

    😀 😀

  • 18 radhika Nov 7, 2008 at 11:08 pm

    hi anjali,
    i am a bharatnatyam student in fiji. i really like ur website and have learnt a lot from it . i just wanted to know after suchi comes chandrakala or ardhsuchi. In fiji first we do suchi then ardhsuchi and then chandrakala. please let me know

  • 19 Anjali Nov 8, 2008 at 6:13 am

    Hello Radhika thank you. As per the Abhinayadarpanam shloka after suchi comes candrakala. And Ardhasuchi is not mentioned. There are some texts that are also used as reference which mentions Ardhasuchi.

  • 20 Louise G.Fernandez Nov 8, 2008 at 8:40 pm

    I would like the picture of Palli No 32 Mentioned on your site is it important,

  • 21 Anjali Nov 10, 2008 at 8:39 am

    Louise, I shall post on the Palli gesture soon.

  • 22 radhika Nov 19, 2008 at 12:46 am

    hi anjali. thnx for the reply. could you give me some song suggestions for our bharatnatyam dance we are goin to perform for our opening prayer dance at our school.just about 3 minutes .thnx

  • 23 Anjali Nov 19, 2008 at 7:14 am

    Hello Radhika, Mahaganapatim song from the movie called “Morning Raga” could be a good choice. Else doing a traditional Puspanajali and any kautukam could be fine.

  • 24 Ashwa Feb 11, 2009 at 1:13 pm

    Your website is great. I am looking for Purandara dasara song “Ada hodalli Adikombuvaramma”. Could you please let me know where I can find it.

  • 25 Pradeepa Mar 17, 2009 at 6:46 am

    Hi Anjali ..Congrats …….I like this website….Can u send pathapedha [ leg ] …

  • 26 Dhanya Nair Mar 23, 2009 at 1:27 am

    Hi Anjali,

    I had one doubt , i dont know how to do the “palli” single hand gesture, can you let me know how this palli i done?? will be really greatly..

    thank you so much,

  • 27 Brinda Apr 3, 2009 at 12:43 pm

    I learned 7 yrs bharatham privately, but last few yrs im not in touch with the dance .just now i searched for this website….. really im lucky .

  • 28 Sheetal Apr 5, 2009 at 8:02 am

    Hello mam ! Thanks for all these details of bharatanatyam. But I want to see the Palli from Asamyukta Hasta or Single Hand Gesture. So, can you please tell me about that?

  • 29 divya Jun 15, 2009 at 8:20 pm

    nice explanations given but i have a doubt mam actually there are 2 to 3 katakamukhas if i am not wrong please clarify my doubt mam it would be helpful for me i am above to do my arangetram

  • 30 Divya Jun 15, 2009 at 8:57 pm

    Hello mam, its great to see such an wonderful site i am very happy to visit this site. I am mad about dancing and learning theories on bharathanatyam. i will also be very mush satisfied if you could clarify my doubts too…

  • 31 Anjali Jun 15, 2009 at 11:23 pm

    Yes, Divya there are 3 ways of katakamukha I am aware of.

  • 32 suganya .suthan Jul 9, 2009 at 3:20 pm

    can you please send me picture of palli hastha

  • 33 Praseeda Sep 8, 2009 at 10:20 pm

    Thanks heaps Anjali for maintaining such a wonderful post. This is really helpful for me and my daughter. Please keep it up. Now I am a regular visitor of your site. Once again Thanking you

  • 34 Raneesh Sep 9, 2009 at 10:57 pm


    I am Raneesh.i saw your website,i must say wonderfull website.Wish u all the best and success.

    Thanks a lots keep in touch

  • 35 bhavanisimhan Oct 19, 2009 at 9:44 pm

    Hi Anjali….My daughter is 5 years old and has just joined bharatanatyam classes….we are in dubai right now….i do not have any knowledge of Bharatnatyam…but it has always been my dream and now ur website is definitely providing me a lot of confidence and knowledge so that i can help my daughter in her dance as well….Thanks a ton and keep continuing ur services…may god bless you…Warm regards,bhavani

  • 36 JHEEL Oct 22, 2009 at 6:53 am

    I was searching information on Google for single hand gesture.after coming to this website i could easily find.

  • 37 JHEEL Oct 22, 2009 at 7:00 am


  • 38 jheel Oct 24, 2009 at 8:26 pm

    I was having a lot of trouble for preparing for my dance test but after visiting this site I am now confident!
    Thanks a lot:)

  • 39 kalyani Dec 18, 2009 at 5:46 am

    hi, very thankful to yr website. i dont have any knowledge of dance. mydaughter 31/2 yrs started learning dance. she is asking me about mudras. that time i felt verybad to tell her that i dont know. yr website is very useful for me. we are staying in uganda. here is only one teacher for dance. now i note down about all mudras and explaining her. thanks alot

  • 40 annn Apr 17, 2010 at 9:18 am

    Add pics

  • 41 V.M.Nishanthana Apr 20, 2010 at 4:40 am

    we can learn many things about bharathanatyam. don’t forget to read the other websites.

  • 42 Priti Sudra Jun 10, 2010 at 9:07 am

    What does the hand gesture ‘Palli’ look like and what does gesture denote?

  • 43 Sebastina Jul 8, 2010 at 4:43 am

    I now remember the mudras more than before but I still have to practise.
    Thank you

  • 44 anu Jan 1, 2011 at 3:59 am

    i luv it

  • 45 Urmila Jan 16, 2011 at 8:57 pm

    i wud like to know what is it called when only one hand is like dola hasta

  • 46 Dipti Feb 9, 2011 at 12:08 am

    hi Anjali,

    I have learned Bharthanatyam privately for 11 years.I have also done my Bharthanatyam Arangetram when i was in 9th. I got married when i was 18 and same year i got a baby girl..Now she is 6 years and i am 24…I had lot of dreams that i will open my own dance institute,,,,but because of c section delivery couldn’t dance n last few yrs i am not in touch with,,,,,,,,,,,,Still i remember many thing please help me ,,,,what Should i do …..i was thinking to join Nalanda university and for pratice i will go back to my guru…..but ????

  • 47 divya Apr 2, 2011 at 9:13 am

    Hi Anjali,
    Ur website s good enough for younger generation to learn more about our dance “bharathanatyam”

  • 48 Ang Apr 12, 2011 at 2:04 am

    There are 3 versions of katakamukha but they are not done along with the shlokam- I remember 2 of them- one is the one that has been posted and the other is kapita with the 3 fingers- middle, ring and pinkie, opened like in hamsasye- I cannot remember the 3rd- maybe somebody can share this information. Thank you!

  • 49 Anjali Apr 12, 2011 at 10:21 am

    @Ang, last one, is when you have first three fingers the thumb, pointer and middle joint like in the picture and the last two fingers the ring and pinkie rolled in.

  • 50 Divya Apr 13, 2011 at 12:32 pm

    Hi Anjali,

    I have learnt Bharathanatyam for 13+ yrs…In b/n i was not in touch during my higher education ,marriage and stuff…Now i started teaching recently and ur site is really helpfull THANKS a lot for your efforts . Can you mail me where i can find the audio songs of keerthana and in particular i am looking for mahaganapathim pranamamya ham…

  • 51 shanggetha May 14, 2011 at 12:27 am

    Im bharathanatyam dancer…..this website helps me to improve my knowledge….its juz amazing

  • 52 shrikant Jun 21, 2011 at 8:41 am

    waw! mam m very happy by dis site thank you………very much

  • 53 Garima Jun 25, 2011 at 7:16 am

    wats the meaning of “HAMSASYE”

  • 54 Vishwa Protim Banerjee Jul 6, 2011 at 8:43 pm

    Namaskaram maam, Actually I’m a bengali living in Bihar state and we do not have any bharatnatyam classes in our city. Thanks for your blog by the help of which I’m learning this wonderful danceform for last 1 year. I’ve learned upto Visharu adavu, now practicing tattimetti adavu. Also I’m trying to coreograph my performance on Mooshika Vahana. Kindly tell me how to show a mouse/rat using the mudras(I’ve seen others using Simhamukha)

  • 55 Anjali Jul 11, 2011 at 10:26 am

    @Vishwa, You can also use Mukula to show Mushika/mouse.

  • 56 krithika Jul 20, 2011 at 1:18 am

    This site is excellent source for dance aspirants.It has every detail of Bharathanatyam.Hats of you..I am at 30 and found very difficult to cope up with the third speed in adavus but i am confident now after visiting your website.Thanks a lot

  • 57 Namrata Aug 7, 2011 at 11:09 pm

    Nice wedsite…………
    But would like to suggest somthing. Please add the images of every mudra like samyukta and Asamyukta hasta so its helps more for those who joins dance classes and it was also help to define perfect gesture.
    Means when we select any mudra option it was also show the image.

  • 58 surya Oct 6, 2011 at 3:28 am

    can u put the lyrics of the shloka also

  • 59 sree Oct 23, 2011 at 10:18 am

    I should appreciate a fact that you are sharing all your knowledge.This shows your dedication to dance.Keep it up Anjali

  • 60 rajesh Nov 17, 2011 at 12:14 am

    I am a dance master . so i think very nice program with online baratham

  • 61 Reeya Gupta Dec 14, 2011 at 1:32 pm

    Thanks so much! I am not too good at my mudras, but your website helped so much!

  • 62 ruchira sirohi Dec 18, 2011 at 7:33 pm

    i recently gave a test and wanted to share it for teachers of bharatanatyam. Please visit my blog to see the questions

  • 63 Sujaya Jan 1, 2012 at 1:29 am

    Hi, Namaskaram Anjali,

    I had a dance exam and because of your website,

    I passed,

    Thank you.

  • 64 Sujaya Jan 1, 2012 at 1:30 am

    Hi Anjali,

    I loved your website,


  • 65 Vishwa Protim Banerjee Jan 8, 2012 at 2:55 am

    Namaskaram Maa’m…..moved to Kolkata for my studies and also joined Bharatnatyam classes…thank you very much for this web blog. Would you please explain the “Palli” hand gesture? Also my guru has taught me another hasta….”Urnanaabham” to show a spider…pls explain about this..

  • 66 Mary Feb 15, 2012 at 2:40 pm

    Hi Anjali,
    Is there audio link for the viniyoga slokas.I am looking this for my daughter who is doing 2nd grade exam.

  • 67 C.P. Unnikrishnna Mar 10, 2012 at 9:39 pm


    How’s the Pallimudra shown in B natyam? The same is seen done in differnt ways by different schools.

  • 68 uma May 3, 2012 at 6:57 am

    namastee, i really very thank full to providers of this site.

  • 69 gayu May 16, 2012 at 10:22 am


  • 70 anusha bulusu May 24, 2012 at 10:59 pm

    i would like to know about bharathanatyam mudras.

  • 71 Aleena Thomas Jun 26, 2012 at 9:39 am

    Thank you very much for all that you have put on this website, it’s really helped me prepare for my exams.

  • 72 Prabakaran Jul 17, 2012 at 7:26 am

    Clascal dance doing now continue to bfa so waiting

  • 73 Prabakaran.T Jul 17, 2012 at 7:46 am

    I like to bharatnatyam i a,m doing bharatnatyam so i think very nice program in online bharatnatyam thankyou

  • 74 shamita A M R Jul 19, 2012 at 3:55 am

    hi anjali all the details wt ever u hv mentiond is informative thanx dear……..i want u to show the video of viniyoga shlokas of asamyukta and samyukta mudras in detail…….. thanx alot ……..

  • 75 C.P. Unnikrishnan Jul 22, 2012 at 8:46 pm

    I had requested for an info about Pallimudra. Kindly reply.

  • 76 Anjali Jul 22, 2012 at 9:38 pm

    @Mr Unnikrishnan, Palli is done in the following manner: hands in Mayura hastam and the middle finger is crossed over the Index finger. I shall soon add a picture for the same

  • 77 C.P. Unnikrishnan Jul 23, 2012 at 4:06 am

    Thanks. I got it.

  • 78 Keerthana Aug 1, 2012 at 11:46 am

    I am 11 yrs old(grade 6) and i live in Canada…Am i too late to learn Bharathanatyam?.I really enjoy dancing….in my class im the oldest in grade 1(bharthanatyam level)…. how long does it take to learn bharthanatyam (estimate maybe) is there a certain age for it?

  • 79 Keerthana Aug 1, 2012 at 11:49 am

    What is the Dhiyana Slokam (single meaning and full meaning???
    Please Reply I Have a Test Soon

  • 80 sanchta Aug 7, 2012 at 9:43 pm

    i found his blog very inspiring and helpful for all bharatnatyam students

  • 81 nidhi Aug 23, 2012 at 6:42 am

    anjali in asamyukta hastha u have given wrong spelling in most of them .

  • 82 Dharani Aug 26, 2012 at 1:33 am

    nice explanation of the mudras…. thanks a lot

  • 83 Roseanna Looker Nov 21, 2012 at 2:37 pm

    Hey, thanks for the step by step with photo’s, its really helping particularly being completely new to this beautiful style of dance. Namste blessings xx

  • 84 Shree Sangli Nov 27, 2012 at 4:45 am

    Thanks a lot Anjali. I have learnt Asamyukta hastas now. I would love to learn more here.

  • […] […]

  • 86 yasar Mar 2, 2013 at 1:14 am

    really super

  • 87 Ammukalyani Mar 19, 2013 at 6:10 am

    really useful

  • 88 T.Punitha Mar 29, 2013 at 5:14 am

    My son wants to do project in Navagragha Hastas for his school.please help out the hastas in picture form.

  • 89 aditi Apr 18, 2013 at 2:24 pm

    very nice mam it helped me a lot

  • 90 aditi Apr 18, 2013 at 2:28 pm

    maam pls teach the mudras with the picture yor website is the best I have a shock of dancing all types of dance you helped me a lot you start teaching katak too.

    thank you
    you are the best

  • 91 ravinita lal Apr 20, 2013 at 1:24 am

    i was having a lot of problems to remember my hastas hand gestures thank u alot

  • 92 Anjali Apr 21, 2013 at 10:47 am

    @Ravinita, maybe you should learn the hasta shlokam. That works like ABCD Rhyme.

  • 93 Anitha Kesavan Apr 22, 2013 at 3:08 am

    It is nice

  • 94 Bree May 6, 2013 at 11:33 pm

    I often find myself folding my index and thumb locked around one another with all of the other fingers crossed and i found out recently I was or had mercy poison….I felt there was a connection as to why my body was doing this as i knew nothing of using hands or fingers for healing, do you know what area I was healing I would like to know as I found it interesting

  • 95 S.Indumathy May 11, 2013 at 3:08 am

    Everything is nice and understandable but i need the bhandha hastas . Please help me out

  • 96 AnanthuKrishnan.A.K. May 18, 2013 at 1:51 am

    It’s a very useful website. I can reffer so many things from it.

  • 97 swetha May 21, 2013 at 3:12 am

    u are really awesome mam. u have helped me in many aya adavus and mudras and lot more . thank u vry much:)

  • 98 Brianna Jun 6, 2013 at 9:24 pm

    Thanks so much! In my dance class I had to do all 28 single handed gestures and I couldn’t remember all of them, but this site really helped me remember all the single handed gestures! Thank you!

  • 99 Aiswarya Jul 10, 2013 at 6:00 am

    this is a good site for studying the theoretical aspects of bharatanatyam

  • 100 Aiswarya Jul 10, 2013 at 6:02 am

    this is a good site for studying the theoretical aspects of bharatanatyam .I am a dance teacher .so this site helped me a lot for teaching my students.

  • 101 bhanu priyanka Jul 17, 2013 at 10:57 pm

    namaste anjali garu.i am very happy to visit this site.i had learned upto some of items and then i had a c-section & now it is 2.5 month after my c-section.can i start doing dance or do i have to take some rest and that for how many months.pls suggest me.

  • 102 randhir damley Aug 9, 2013 at 6:48 am

    i am not able to remember these hand mudras and the if you can tell me a good way to will be easy for me to study for my exam which is on sunday this site is really cool..i got all the information to study for exam..

  • 103 sruthi.g Nov 6, 2013 at 11:07 pm

    thank u soo much anjali its very usefull

  • 104 Ramaya Dec 21, 2013 at 4:03 pm

    thanks i have my dance test coming up and this really helped. Thank you

  • 105 MEISHA Jan 21, 2014 at 3:18 pm

    this site has been a great help to me, i used to do bharatanatyam but… anyways thanks. the information was as accurate as i know but i just needed to have a softcopy of it. for any new bharatanatyam dancers, the information is accurate! thank you:)

  • 106 Gajalakshmi Apr 15, 2014 at 7:53 pm

    I had completed diploma in bharathanatiyam and im planning to take classes after visiting your website it gives me a blushup series of wt i learned.. than you so much..

  • 107 nikitha Jul 15, 2014 at 6:40 am

    this wesite helped me in learning in learning single hand gestures. THANKS A LOT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • 108 r.reynoj Nov 6, 2014 at 2:51 am

    madam you are the reincarnation of lord Shiva.

    i am really proud of you

  • 109 sharadha Feb 25, 2015 at 8:51 am

    wow!!!!!!! Indeed Useful

  • 110 jenifer.s Mar 30, 2015 at 9:23 am

    need to learn more mudras and about dance

  • 111 anju May 17, 2015 at 2:24 am

    hai mam….am a working employee….after long years i danced before a gud audience….even though its not upto level i felt very happy as without proper rehearsel or practise….i cud do or remember wt i learnt from my guru….keep teachng more….thank you

  • 112 mansi May 26, 2015 at 1:59 am

    hello ma’am , i am giving 4 year and i need info about varnam with shloka .pls if u can , then arrange some info as soon as possible

  • 113 Tejsree Aug 21, 2015 at 9:58 am

    This is a wonderful and very informative website. You inspire me a lot.
    Thanks to have a look at my blog :)