Neck movements are an integral part of most indian classical dance forms. If performed in a smooth and delicate manner it increases the quality of both Nritta and Abhinaya. The grace emerging out of Attami’s plays a very important role in communicating an idea in abhinaya pieces or as an ornament in Nritta. Like Gamakas are to carnatic music, neck movements are to Bharatanatyam.
The four types of neck movements mentioned in AbhinayaDarpanam are:-
1. Sundari : Here the neck is moved from side to side. It is also called as Attami.
2. Tirashchina: Here neck is moved in a V-shape.
3. Prarivartita: Here the neck is moved in a Semicircle or moonlike shape.
4. Prakampita: Here the neck is moved forward and back.
The Sanskrit verse (shloka) for Greeva Bheda is
“Sundari cha Tirashchina tathaiva Parivartita
Prakampita cha bhavagnair gneya greeva chaturvidha”
Watch the video below to see how neck movements are done and can be practiced.